The Three Inventors of Photography

As we know today, the history of photography goes back into the ancient times when camera obscuras were used to form images on walls in darkened room. Over centuries the quality output of the camera obscura has improved, but it was not until 1826, when Frenchman Joseph Nicephore Niepce combined the camera obscura with photosensitive paper, and created the first permanent picture.

By 1827 Niepce has partnered with Louis Daguerre, who later, in January of 1839, introduced Daguerreotype to the French Academy of Science. A process that creates images on silver-plated copper coated with silver iodide and develops with warm mercury. And only weeks after the introduction of Daguerreotype, Englishman Henry Fox Talbot announced his invention of Calotype to the Royal Institution of Great Britain. A process that creates permanent negative images using paper soaked in sliver chloride, fixed with salt solution, and creates a positive image by contact printing onto another sheet of paper. This technique is considered to be the basis of modern photography.

During the same time period a French civil servant and photographer, Hippolyte Bayard, invented his own process known as direct positive printing. A process that involves exposing silver chloride paper to light, which turned the paper completely black. It was then soaked in potassium iodide before being exposed in the camera. After the exposure, it was washed in a bath of hyposulfite of soda and dried. The resulting image was a unique photograph that could not be reproduced. In fact, Bayard claimed he had invented photography earlier than Daguerre in France and Talbot in England, the men usually credited with its invention. He might not have been known as the one of the inventors of photography, but on June 24th 1839 he presented the world’s first public exhibition of photography with some thirty of his photographs.

One of Bayard’s most interesting photographs is his self-portrait, where he is depicted as a downed man. He is leaning back, in almost upright position, with is knees bent in sitting pose. His nude torso and arms are pale and appear almost life-less, opposite to his tilted head and crossed hands that are tanned, yet still motionless. His eyes are closed, and little to no facial expression project peacefulness and rest. His body’s posture and the props in the image, big hat staged on his right side and the white sheet covering his lower body, have similarities to post-mortem photography that was very common in the 19th century. Perhaps it was Bayard’s way to tell the world that he is at peace for not being known as the inventory of photography, hence the portrait of death. Or perhaps he wanted to use it in protest against the injustice happening to him. In fact this image is the first known example of the use photography for propaganda purpose.

In conclusion, it is safe to say that his “outside the box” thinking and his artistic abilities have paved the way, not only technical but also creative ways, to what we know today as modern photography.

Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque in Muscat, Oman

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Recently, I was invited on a trip to the Middles East (Oman & Qatar) where I've had the opportunity to explore the magnificent art of the islamic world right in front of my eyes. One of the first and most amazing places I had the pleasure to walk into on my visit happened to be the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque in Muscat, Oman. After years of reading about the architecture and significance of mosques to the followers of Islam, it was a very moving moment for me to set foot into such beautiful structure despite its rather young age. Nevertheless, it was nothing but a grand experience to walk around barefooted and veiled while enjoying every single piece of art (calligraphy, marble, wood works, carpets, carvings, chandeliers, stained glass windows, etc.). But for now enough of talking about my visit to the Grand Mosque as I would like to invite you to see it for yourself below.

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Winter Blues in the City of Dreams

Do not be in a hurry to tie what you cannot untie.

WALK | COLD & FAST | STOP | BREATHE | FREEZE ||| ANOTHER WINTER IN NYC

Character is like a tree and reputation like a shadow. The shadow is what we think of it; the tree is the real thing! - Abraham Lincoln


POPUP STUDIO in GERMANY



While traveling around Germany, I am making an appearance at POPUP STUDIO in SAARBRUECKEN with a selection of photographs of New York City. I always wanted to bring my "new home" to the people I grew up around, and when the opportunity presented itself I didn't hesitate to say YES. So if you happened to be in town between NOV 28-30 2014 feel free to stop by.

Hiking in the Vosges Mountains of France

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Photos by anitam.com

Time surely flies but some memories we collect on the way never seem to fade. And while winter is approaching fast and I just returned from yet another trip to Germany, I could not help but to think of the great times I've had in the mountains of France in the Summer of 2012. Perhaps the longing for summer and warmth made me revisit my archives and take another look at the photographs taken on my way up to Grand Ballon where I not only had the pleasure to hike, but enjoyed freedom in the sky.


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See the full gallery on anitam.com

In Focus: Cindy Sherman



Cynthia "Cindy" Morris Sherman (born January 19, 1954) is an American photographer and film director, best known for her conceptual portraits. In 1995, she was the recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship. Through a number of different series of works, Sherman has sought to raise challenging and important questions about the role and representation of women in society, the media and the nature of the creation of art. Her photographs include some of the most expensive photographs ever sold. Sherman lives and works in New York.

See more of Cindy Sherman's photographs in the collection at the Museum of Modern Art, art21 video, artnet and also on her website at cindysherman.com.


Weekly Market in Serra San Bruno in the South of Italy


Time flies, but the memories will stay forever! Looking at archives from my trip to Italy few years ago, I have come across images from the weekly fashion & farmers market in Serra San Bruno in Italy where I had the pleasure to meet the kindest people, taste the freshest food, and see the "latest" fashion. One of the best trip, and I surely will return one day to Calabria in the South of Italy to check out the holy sites, relax on the sunny beaches of Tropea, and take photos with my iPhone while traveling all over the mountains of Italy.

Ghost Town in Jamacia Hosptial

The more #space and #emptiness you can #create in yourself, then you can let the rest of the# world #come in and #fill you up. - #JeffBridges ================================= #PhotoEssay #2014 #ArtSmart #FineArt #photography #art #picture #story #quote # There is #nothing #new #except what has been #forgotten. - #MarieAntoinette ================================= #PhotoEssay #2014 #ArtSmart #FineArt #photography #art #picture #story #quote #instagood #follow #anitam_com
No #ghost was every #seen by two pair of #eyes. - #ThomasCarlyle ================================= #PhotoEssay #2014 #ArtSmart #FineArt #photography #art #picture #story #quote #instagood #follow #anitam_com The #past is a #ghost, the #future a #dream, and all we ever have is #now. - #BillCosby ================================= #PhotoEssay #2014 #ArtSmart #FineArt #photography #art #picture #story #quote #instagood #follow #anitam_com


the feeling nobody can comprehend, as i stood in the ICU of a hospital today
the floors were crumbling under my feet because all life has expired in defeat
the pain so vaguely still can be felt in the empty halls and rooms of unit NW3
the witness' to life have left the room, and danced ghostly to their own special tune
the hope of survival vanished so long, awaiting news of a bright future to come